By Rochelle Lieber
Publication by means of Lieber, Rochelle
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Extra resources for An integrated theory of autosegmental processes
All are in some sense underspecified since they are not at this point independently pronounceable (that is, each ''segment" is only a partial feature bundle). Of course, assuming that segments on independent tiers are linked together through the operation of association rules, they can end up fully specified at the end of an autosegmental derivation. Clements (1980a) argues that this sort of underspecification is not subject to the usual objections to underspecification; I refer the reader to that work for the relevant argument.
3 will consider ways in which tiers may be underspecified. 1 Universal Tiers Although it is relatively difficult to find evidence hearing on the issue of universal tiers, it does seem possible to argue that every language projects at least melody and skeleton, the two tiers that make up the phonological core. One bit of suggestive evidence for this argument comes from languages like English and French, whose phonologies lack any of the obvious processes that would lead linguists (and native speakers) to postulate independent tiersthat is, harmony, tone, mutation, reduplication, and infixation.
And clearly it is a restrictive theory, since it rules out a whole range of configurations like (13), (15), and (21) which appear not to be necessary. Still, as I indicated at the beginning of this section, at least one important development in recent years in the realm of autosegmental morphology suggests that a theory prohibiting all duplication of features is too restrictive. Our major problem arises first in accounting for the root and pattern morphology of the Semitic languages. McCarthy (1979, 1981) has shown quite convincingly for Semitic that consonantal roots and vocalic inflections constitute different morphemes and that they must be projected on different tiers and interpolated with a skeleton which is itself a morpheme: (22) The root ktb which appears in (22) also occurs in a whole array of other verbal forms and nominalizations.