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Extra resources for Alternative energy sources for green chemistry
Reproduced from ref. 56 with permission © Georg Thieme Verlag KG. Larhed described the synthesis of diacylhydrazines by in situ carbonylation of aryl iodides using Mo(CO)6 as the carbon monoxide source. 5 Flow Chemistry The synergistic combination of microwave irradiation and flow chemistry is an interesting approach to solve the problems associated with the scale-up of reactions under microwave irradiation and this will further enhance the synthetic possibilities. Microwave irradiation is a volumetric limited heating process.
Wood, J. Org. , 2005, 70, 7003–7006. I. R. Baxendale, C. M. Griffiths-Jones, S. V. Ley and G. K. – Eur. , 2006, 12, 4407–4416. P. Öhrngren, A. Fardost, F. -S. Schanche, M. Fagrell and M. Larhed, Org. Process Res. , 2012, 16, 1053–1063. M. V. Gómez, H. H. J. Verputten, A. Díaz-Ortíz, A. Moreno, A. de la Hoz and A. H. Velders, Chem. , 2010, 46, 4514–4516. 1039/9781782623632-00034 Chapter 2 Microwave-Assisted Plant Extraction Processes Rafael B. 1 Introduction The biodiversity of plants has provided a boundless source of chemical compounds with uses in medicine and as food, feed, cosmetics, fibre and energy throughout human history.
A,d Ionic liquid Temp Time Solvent used added attained (°C) taken (s) Temp without Boiling ionic liquidb (°C) pointc (°C) Hexane 46 69 109 111 112 66 76 101 Toluene THF Dioxane a 1 2 1 2 1 2 1 2 217 228 195 234 268 242 264 246 10 15 150 130 70 60 90 90 Experiments run using a microwave irradiation power of 200 W. Temperature attained during the same microwave irradiation time but without any ionic liquid added. c Boiling point of the solvent used (for comparison purposes). 1039/9781782623632-00001 Microwave-Assisted Green Organic Synthesis 21 These solvent mixtures were used in Diels–Alder reactions, Michael additions and alkylation reactions.