Download Aging and Cognition: Mental Processes, Self-Awareness and by Eugene A. Lovelace PDF

By Eugene A. Lovelace

Provided during this quantity is a dialogue of present literature and theoretical concerns with regards to 3 elements of late-life age-related cognitive swap. to start with, facts concerning getting older and the elemental psychological strategies of realization, motor regulate, reminiscence, language, problem-solving, and intelligence are provided. Secondly, the function of non-public features equivalent to character and self-efficacy within the getting older of cognitive functionality are constructed, besides self-awareness of cognitive techniques and age alterations within the tracking of those strategies. Thirdly, attention is given to the examine of interventions to hold up or remediate the cognitive declines of getting older.

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M. (1987). Age differences in memory for item and source information. Canadian Journal of Psyschology, 41, 175-192. Meyer, D. , & Schvaneveldt, R. W. (1976). Meaning, memory structure, and mental processes. Science, 192, 27-33. Miller, G. A. (1956). The magical number seven, plus or minus two: Some limits on our capacity for processing information. Psychological Review, 63, 81-97. Mitchell, D. B. (1989). How many memory systems? Evidence from aging. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Copition, 15, 3 1-49.

Balota, D. A. (1986). Unconscious semantic processing: The pendulum keeps on swinging. Behavioral & Brain Sciences, 9, 23-24. Birren, J. , & Cunningham, W. (1985). Research on the psychology of aging: Principles, concepts, and theory. In J. E. Birren & K. W. , pp. 3-34). New York: Van Nostrand Reinhold. Birren, J. , Woods, A. , & Williams, M. V. (1980). Behavioral slowing with age: Causes, organization, and consequences. In L. W. ), Aging in the 1980s: Psychological issues (pp. 293-308). Washington, DC: American Psychological Association.

Organic amnesics were found by Warrington & Weiskrantz (1968,1970) to remember far fewer items of a free recall list than age matched control subjects. Such memory (usually called explicit memory in this context) requires effortful encoding processes that are markedly impaired in organic amnesics. By contrast, Warrington and Weiskrantz discovered essentially equivalent memory performances between amnesics and controls on a second form of memory (usually called implicit memory) that was tested by giving their subjects the initial letters of each word in the prior study list and asking them to generate a word beginning with those stems (a stem completion task).

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