By C. Shelby
Addiction argues that habit may be understood now not as a illness yet as a phenomenon that needs to be understood on many degrees instantly. utilising a posh dynamic structures procedure and philosophical method, Shelby explains dependancy as an irreducible neurobiological, mental, developmental, environmental, and sociological phenomenon.
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Extra info for Addiction: A Philosophical Perspective
What it seems to come to, though, is that due to their differences in approach and research methods, some scientists assume that addiction is a physiological phenomenon, and that any psychological descriptions of it ultimately reduce to physical ones. Others see the psychological categories as fundamental, and want to preserve the independence and causal efficacy of those structures and functions. We will see as this discussion progresses that the emergent model of life, mind, and social groups that we discussed in Chapter 1 are helpful in reconciling these two elements of the disease model, without either having to reduce one to the other or being forced to assert yet another kind of dualism.
The DMS-IV-TR lists four classes of drug as capable of instituting this cycle: psychostimulants (methamphetamine, cocaine), opiates (heroin, morphine, oxycontin), alcohol, and nicotine. Gambling is the only activity currently listed among the addictive disorders, and even that is characterized as an impulse control disorder and not as an addiction per se. It is described, though, in terms nearly identical to those used with substance abuse and dependence, and the list is liable to grow. Shopping, playing video games, and preoccupation with sex are among the activities that are already being spoken of in terms of addiction, or something very close to it.
S. ” According to Mill, the principle of the Composition of Causes (causes that work together to create an outcome – such as bits of metal of a particular weight coming together to make a slab of metal whose weight is the sum of the bits) Some Philosophical Questions (and a New Theory) 29 is sometimes contravened. This is the case, for example, in chemical reactions. ”45 Consider for example, NaCl, or table salt. Sodium, a metal, and chlorine, a dangerous poison, when bonded together make one of the most widely used food seasonings.