By González, Hebe Alicia
This dissertation offers a linguistic description of Tapiete, a Tupi-Guarani (TG) language spoken in Argentina, Bolivia and Paraguay. Fieldwork has been performed in Argentina, the place approximately eighty Tapiete households are settled in "Misión Los Tapietes", Tartagal, province of Salta, northern Argentina. therefore, the linguistic info and the result of this examine mirror the diversity spoken through the Tapietes residing in Argentina. the most good points of Tapiete phonology, the nominal and the verbal morphology, in addition to the syntactic constitution are investigated. on the lexical point, a vocabulary of 2049 entries and four hundred subentries is equipped in line with the data accumulated in the course of the elicitation of lexical questionnaires and texts. in particular, this dissertation investigates the expression of ownership in Tapiete, as its default marker of ownership has constructed from a practical extension of the default marker of ownership, t-, of sophistication II nouns in TG languages. moreover, yet another formalization of the alienable/inalienable competition happens, expressed throughout the lifestyles of alternative units of 3rd individual markers.In addition, this paintings discusses the restructuring of the cross-reference procedure in Tapiete. particularly, it describes the shortcoming of an overt marker of 3rd individual for verbs that belong to Jensen's Set 1, apart from monosyllabic roots, and the encoding of the 1st individual lively and inactive plural particular in the course of the verbal root marked for 3rd individual, including the affixation of the TG nominalizing morpheme -ha. furthermore, the Tapiete model of Jensen's Set four individual markers differs from that of TG languages: whereas in TG languages those types are portmanteau morphemes that encode a primary individual singular or plural performing on a moment individual singular (e.g. TG oro-) or a primary individual singular or plural performing on a moment individual plural (e.g TG opo-), in Tapiete, either kinds encode a primary individual singular, without danger in their being interpret Read more...
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Additional resources for A Grammar of Tapiete (Tupi-Guarani)
2. Vowels Tapiete distinguishes between oral and nasal vowels. /i/ is an oral high un-rounded front vowel. /iro/ [io] iro ‘bitter’ ï ‘to be’ i ‘water’ /i/ is a nasal high un-rounded front vowel. /i/ [i] /i/ is an oral high un-rounded central vowel. //  // is a nasal high un-rounded central vowel. 3for occurrences of this sound in other contexts. 47 ‘chili’ /e/ is an oral mid un-rounded front vowel. /heta/ [heta] heta ‘a lot’ hë ‘to go out’ awara ‘fox’ käwï ‘chicha’ huri ‘eight’ hüwä ‘black’ yoka ‘(s)he breaks’ pörä ‘beautiful’ /e/ is a nasal mid un-rounded front vowel.
27 On the other hand, it is important to point out that this inspector defended the tenure status of bilingual assistants, who have to be appointed again each year. 28 Finally, it is necessary to point out a fact that is very significant for its symbolic value. Even if the original name of the school is ‘Misión Los Tapietes’, some years ago a headmistress renamed it as “12th of October”, a fact that, for obvious reasons, aroused a However, according to my field work notes, in 1998, 9 children of the community were in channel 3 of undernourishment.
We have seen how during the last fifty years there has been an increasing trend to marry people outside the Tapiete community. The ethnic belonging of the spouses is one of the important elements when it comes to evaluating if the native language will be kept by younger generations or if they will definitely adopt the dominant language. Other factors, such as the access to the dominant language and a real socio-economic incentive that stimulates members of a linguistic minority to adopt that language are particularly relevant when it is necessary to evaluate the linguistic behavior of a community (Paulston 1994:12).